Essential equipment required for fishing

By March 21, 2017Equipment

Fishing is a great activity for people of all ages. With a low barrier to entry one can simply purchase a cheap rod and reel combo from the local store and be ready to catch fish in no time (once they find some fish). The great thing about fishing is that you don’t have to be a professional with fancy gear to catch fish – although it can definitely be beneficial when targeting larger species of fish. In this article we will discuss the different types of equipment that will get you out fishing and hopefully catching fish.

Hand Reel or Rod?

Depending on your budget and your fishing location of choice, you may decide to simply use a hand reel. Hand reels are a simple concept, and extremely easy to use. The history of the handreel dates back centuries and is still used worldwide by anglers to catch a wide variety of fish. The benefit of a handreel is its compact size. A hand reel can be stored simply in a small backpack with no special storage required. Handreels come in a variety of sizes and are simple to operate. Fishing line is wound around the reel and a swivel, sinker and hook is attached at the end. To cast, the reel is held in one hand and the line is held in the other just above the sinker. The hand holding the line can then swing the sinker end of the line around in a circle like a lasoo and release out into the water. A hand reel, like the name suggests requires a lot of manual work in order to cast and retrieve your line. This can be quite draining on the fisherman especially when reeling in a fish. The alternative is a more modern piece of equipment called a fishing rod.

The humble fishing rod has evolved dramatically in the last century. Basic rod and reel combos can be bought for as low as $20 with high end fishing combos selling for upwards of $5000. A fishing rod allows fisherman to cast their baited lines much further than hand reels, and the retrieval is also much quicker. The rod allows a fisherman great control over the fish when reeling it in and technologies such as line drag in most modern reels ensures a greater success rate when catching fish.

Fishing rods come in many different sizes and weight ranges allowing for rods to be developed for different fishing situations. There are rods built specifically for surf fishing, boat fishing, trout and freshwater fish, large fish and even shark fishing. Depending on what type of fishing you plan to do, you may require a few different style of fishing rods.

Fishing reels also come in a variety of styles built for different fishing situations. Reels are built to handle different sizes of fish, and much like rods, you need to match your reel to the fish you are targeting. Generally the bigger the fish you wish to catch, the heavier the fishing line, therefore the larger the fishing reel. There are three main types of fishing reels. The spinning or “egg beater” type, baitcaster and in Australia the open face conventional type otherwise known as an Alvey {link}, named after the original creator. The most popular is the spinning reel with it’s fixed spool and rotating handle, the line is fed onto the spool when the handle is rotated. Cheap reels can start at only a few dollars, but with cost comes quality. If you are hoping to have a reel last be sure to spend a little more for a quality reel, one with multiple ball bearings and stainless steel components.

Now that you have a rod and reel sorted, then next step is choosing the right tackle. If you have ever stepped foot inside a fishing shop, you would have noticed the enormous amount of tackle available. There are sinkers, hooks, trace, braid, line, swivels and more – but what does it all do and how do you use it?

Tackle selection will again depend on what fish species you are targeting, however for the general fishermen wanting to pop down to the local river or bay there are some simple tackle setups that will work for a large variety of bread and butter fish species. The most simple tackle setup involves a small round sinker, a swivel and a hook – very basic. The sinker is firstly added to the main line followed by a swivel and then about two feet of line which the hook is attached to the end, simple as that. The swivel will preventing your line and tackle from twisting and will also cause your bait to spin in the water attracting the fishes attention. Depending on your sinker weight, this setup will allow you cast your bait a considerably long distance. Match your hook size to the fish you are targeting. Remember it’s easier to catch a big fish on a small hook then to catch a small fish on a big hook. If you are looking for different types of tackle rigs then visit the following website {external link}.

The final essential requirement for fishing is bait. Deciding what bait to put on the end of your line can be quite a dilemma with so many options to choose from. No longer is worms, prawns or pilchards the only choice, anglers are now blessed with a huge variety of artificial bait options such as softplastic {internal link} or artificial baits and hardbody lures. The most common bait available for both freshwater and saltwater fishing are worms. Worms can easily be sourced from local fishing shops or even your own garden when fishing freshwater, or beach worms can be caught by hand on many surf beaches worldwide, although they can be quite tricky to catch. The majority of fish species will eat worms, and their ability to be easily threaded onto a hook makes them a perfect bait for both newbie fishermen and seasoned professionals.

So by now you should have a good understanding of the basic equipment required to get you out on the water and wetting a line. Fishing can require a great deal of patience, so if at first you don’t catch anything, don’t be put off and just remember, a bad day fishing beats a good days work everytime.

Joseph Wilson

Author Joseph Wilson

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